Santa Claus, Saint Nicholas, El Viejito Pascuero, among some other names, is a character from the popular culture of the West who gives toys to children between December 24 and 25 depending on how they have behaved throughout the year, it is one of the most recognized characters worldwide, perhaps at the level of Jesus Christ himself This character has crossed borders, and regardless of the country, language, or culture, he has become one of the most representative figures of Christmas. But, not many people really know the story behind this character There are those who think that it never existed and it is an invention to make Christmas a more interesting holiday, or to encourage consumerism But is this true? In this video we will find out Contrary to what many think, Santa Claus really did exist in real life, or at least the person who inspired the creation of the character his name was San Nicolas de Bari, and he was a Greek Christian bishop of the city of Mira, in the Anatolia region You really don’t know so much about this person since the historians who started writing about his life did so long after his death He was born in the year 270 in the city of Myra, at that time the Roman Empire He lost his parents at an early age because of a plague, but this did not stop him from being a very successful man San Nicolas de Bari was a really kind, humble and charitable name, a devout Christian the story goes that in the city of Myra there was a nobleman who, when he fell into poverty, could not marry his daughters decently, and as soon as they reached the age of majority he planned to prostitute them San Nicolas upon hearing this, secretly threw bags full of gold coins through the window of the nobleman’s house, each time one of the daughters reaches the age of majority so that they could get married and not have to be prostituted, after this fact San Nicolas obtained the title of “Protector of Children” Other miracles are attributed to him throughout his life, such as, for example, on one occasion he revived three children who had been killed by a butcher in the middle of a famine or that save three Roman generals who had been fraudulently sentenced to death thanks to a corrupt governor St. Nicolas died in 343, after his death he became a very important person in Christianity he became the patron saint of many cities in Europe, and many churches with his name were erected The history of St. Nicolas came to northern Europe, more specifically to Holland, or the Netherlands, where he became the patron saint of the city of Amsterdam In this city, during the Middle Ages, the History of St. Nicolas mixed with some pagan stories, and a holiday was created, the Feast of St. Nicolas, or Sinterklaasfeest which was celebrated on December 6 of each year, and consists of a man dressed as San Nicolas arrives in the city on a ship, walks through the city, schools, hospitals on a white horse along with his assistants, and leaves the children with sweets or small gifts After the Netherlands separated from Spain in the Eighty Years War, in the 17th century, this country embraced Protestantism and as you can imagine, the Protestants, by ignoring all this type of saints, popes, and other Catholic figures, for a long time pursued the celebration of this holiday nevertheless the Dutch never abandoned this tradition, so the Dutch authorities began to tolerate it Of course The Netherlands took this tradition beyond its borders, towards its colonies of America, the tradition came to the colony of New Amsterdam But in 1667, in the midst of the Second Anglo-Dutch War, the Netherlands lost the New Amsterdam colony to the English, who renamed it New York and they integrated it into their colonial empire in America. More than 100 years later, in 1776, the English colonies in North America, including New York, gained their independence as the United States of course many years had passed, and traditions, customs, and other aspects of Dutch culture had been lost in New York Other years passed, it was the year 1823, and an American Professor named Clement Moore met one of these Dutch descendants celebrating his feast of St. Nicolas, this inspired him and wrote a poem called “The Night Before Christmas” The poem was that a family went to sleep a day before Christmas, on December 24, but the father wakes up too late and manages to see through the window a fat man with a beard and white hair in a flying sleigh dragged by eight reindeer, lands on the roof of the house He enters through the chimney, takes out a bag of toys, and leaves toys to the children, then goes back up the chimney and while he goes in his sleigh he shouts “Merry Christmas to all and good night to all” This poem became very popular, and it was the one that began the modern conception of Santa Claus that we know today, although it also made him lose his religious character However, it was not this poem that massified the figure of Santa Claus around the world, incredibly responsible for this was a company Coca Cola, after the First World War, coca cola began to create Christmas ads for its products where it used Santa Claus a lot and it was from these illustrations that this image of a bearded man, in a red suit and very cheerful became the santa claus we know today Hey! 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